Description of Programs for Limited English Proficient Students
English as a Second Language (ESL) – Using this educational approach, limited English proficient students are directly instructed in the use of the English language. Instruction is based on a special curriculum that typically involves little or no use of the students’ native language and is usually taught during specific school periods. For the remainder of the school day, students may be placed in mainstream classrooms. ESL classes may focus on teaching formal English grammar and on promoting natural communication activities (free conversation, games, discussions on familiar topics). Reading and writing are practiced as well as oral communication skills in English.

Structured immersion (also called Sheltered English or Content-based ESL) – Structured immersion is an instructional approach used to make academic information and concepts understandable to LEP students. Students in these classes are “sheltered” in that they do not compete academically with native English speakers in the classroom setting. The subject matter is introduced in a way that can be understood by LEP students. The teacher adapts the language of instruction to the English level of the students. Also, the teacher makes frequent use of visual aids, concrete experiences and manipulative materials. In this approach, students have the opportunity to develop the oral and written language skills they need to make academic progress in content areas such as mathematics, social studies and science.

Bilingual Education – In bilingual education classes, both the students’ native language and English are used for instruction. Bilingual education is based on two assumptions: 1) students are more likely to learn anything, including English, if they understand what they are being taught; and 2) students who are not proficient in English will not fall behind their English-speaking peers if they are able to continue learning academic content in their native language while they are learning English.

Native Language Support – Native language support is usually provided by bilingual instructional assistants, who use the student’s native language to explain certain information and concepts about academic content that the student does not understand in English.

Tutoring Sessions – Individual or small-group tutoring sessions are used most commonly when there are very few LEP students enrolled in a school district. The tutoring sessions may focus on promoting basic English communication skills or on English for academic purposes.

In-class Support (Inclusion) – In this approach, LEP students are together with their native-English speaking peers in the same classroom, but an ESL or bilingual education specialist is available in the classroom to support the LEP students. For example, the ESL or bilingual education specialist may provide guidance to the LEP students as they are working on a group project or individual assignment.
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430 E. Pease Avenue   West Carrollton, OH 45449      Telephone: (937) 859-5121   Fax: (937) 859-5250
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